Türkiyenin tarihi yerleri ingilizce olarak Ephesus Ephesus (Turkish Efes) was an ancient Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia, in the region known as Ionia during the period known as Classical Greece. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, which was destroyed by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom in 401 AD. The emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614. The importance of the city as a commercial centre declined as the harbor slowly filled with silt from the river Cayster (Küçük Menderes). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation. The Gospel of John might have been written here. It is also the site of a large gladiator graveyard. Today’s archaeological site lies 3 kilometers south of the Selçuk district of İzmir Province, Turkey. The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy accessibility from Adnan Menderes Airport and via the port of Kuşadası. Yildiz Palace and Gardens The second largest palace in Istanbul, Yildiz Palace is set within large gardens and woodland and includes a complex of pavilions and a mosque. Within walking distance of the Conrad Istanbul hotel. Dolmabahçe Palace Built in the mid-19th century at the decline of the Ottoman Empire, the Dolmabahçe Palace is vast and located on Istanbul’s west shore of the Bosphorus. The palace is just a five-minute drive from the Conrad Istanbul hotel. Topkapi Palace Now one of Istanbul’s leading museums, the Topkapi Palace was the imperial residence of the great Ottoman Empire for almost 400 years until the reign of Abdülmecid. Its spectacular museum is famed for its large collections of Chinese and Japanese porcelain. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel. Grand Bazaar (Kapali Carsi) A vast labyrinth of little streets lined with over 4000 shops selling rugs, pottery, jewellery and countless other goodies. Within 15 minutes of the Conrad Istanbul hotel. Maiden’s Tower The Maiden’s Tower (Turkish: Kız Kulesi), also known as Leander’s Tower (Tower of Leandros) since the medieval Byzantine period, is a tower lying on a small islet located at the southern entrance of the Bosphorus strait 200 m (220 yd) from the coast of Üsküdar in Istanbul, Turkey. Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931, when it was secularized. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935. Cappadocia Cappadocia Turkish Kapadokya, Central Anatolia, largely in Nevşehir Province, in Turkey. In the time of Herodotus, the Cappadocians were reported as occupying the whole region from Mount Taurus to the vicinity of the Euxine (Black Sea). Cappadocia, in this sense, was bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates and the Armenian Highland, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia and eastern Galatia. The name was traditionally used in Christian sources throughout history and is still widely used as an international tourism concept to define a region of exceptional natural wonders, in particular characterized by fairy chimneys and a unique historical and cultural heritage.